Сергей Климаков (klimakov) wrote,
Сергей Климаков
klimakov

"В свете опыта, который нам приносит Россия, обязанность Института очевидна..."

...Вопрос попросту в следующем: можно ли разработать программу работы в мастерских, достаточного диапазона и качества, которая не будет отнимать необходимое время для обязательных занятий? На этот вопрос был дан триумфальный утвердительный ответ, он пришел из России. Мне доставляет огромное удовольствие обратить ваше внимание на экспозицию, созданную Императорскими техническими училищами Санкт-Петербурга и Москвы, состоящую полностью из коллекций инструментов и образцов мастерства учащихся, и иллюстрирующую систему, сделавшую эти великолепные результаты возможными... Runkle, John Daniel [президент MIT].The Russian system of shop-work instruction for engineers and machinists [доклад]/ Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Boston, Press of A.A. Kingman, 1876.


[Spoiler (click to open)]
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.hn59eu&view=1up&seq=5

http://tech.mit.edu/V52/PDF/V52-N65.pdf

American historians have typically considered the Russian system of tool instruction (developed at the Moscow Imperial Technical School in the 1860s) as the earliest case of systematic shop instruction. Americans learned about the Russian system at the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia (1876). See Dawson, Andrew, “The Workshop and the Classroom: Philadelphia Engineering, the Decline of Apprenticeship, and the Rise of Industrial Training,” History of Education Quarterly 39 (Summer 1999): 152. The Russian system showed how to integrate drawings, tools, and projects: Woodward, Calvin M. The Manual Training School (Boston: D. C. Heath, 1887); and Schurter, William J. “The Development of the Russian System of Tool Instruction (1763–1893) and Its Introduction into U. S. Industrial Education Programs (1876–1893),” (Ph.D. diss., University of Maryland, 1982). Schurter claimed that Aleksandr Stepanovich Ershov designed the Russian system and that Victor Delia-Vos refined and implemented it. Ershov studied in several institutions in Paris in the early 1840s, including the Conservatory of Arts and Crafts. See also Bennett, History of Manual and Industrial Education, 13–52; Cremin, Lawrence A. American Education: The Metropolitan Experience 1876–1980 (New York: Harper & Row, 1988), 224; (1986); Pannabecker, John R. “Industrial Education and the Russian system: A Study in Economic, Social, and Technical Change,” Journal of Industrial Teacher Education 24 (Fall 1986): 19–31; and Kliebard, Herbert M. Schooled to Work: Vocationalism and the American Curriculum, 1876–1946 (New York: Teachers College Press, 1999), 2–10 https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/history-of-education-quarterly/article/div-classtitleinventing-industrial-education-the-span-classitalicecole-dandaposarts-et-metiersspan-of-chalons-sur-marne-18071830div/C140A8B6B3302E840196541E432691DD

https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/russkiy-metod-v-podgotovke-sovremennoy-inzhenernoy-elity/viewer

http://technomag.edu.ru/authors/230453.html

https://professionali.ru/Soobschestva/obuchenie-professionalov/o-russkom-metode-podgotovki-inzhenerov/
Tags: век живи век учись, история, профессионально-техническое образование
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